How to Install a Toilet® is pleased to offer this and other pages that provide information on plumbing products or the installation and/or care of many of the products offered on our site.

Before you get started, make sure you have the following handy:

Instructions for Replacing a Toilet

Step 1: Turn off the water at the supply (under the toilet, usually).

Step 2: Flush the tank to remove all water from the tank.

Step 3: Disconnect the supply from the tank.

Step 4: Remove bolt caps or bolt covers from where the toilet bolts to the bathroom floor.

Step 5: Remove bolts from the floor flange. When you lift the toilet up, you'll see a metal or plastic flange. If the toilet has been there for a long time the bolts may not pull out of the flange easily. In this case you may have to use a small hacksaw to cut the bolt below the nut.

Step 6: Put newspaper or an old towel on the floor so you can place the old toilet on it. Lift the toilet off the flange.

Step 7: Take the new bowl (assuming this is a two-piece toilet) and turn it upside down. Position the wax ring on the horn of the outlet.

Step 8: Install new solid brass flange bolts, mount them and position them on the centerline on either side of the outlet.

Step 9: Push the bowl down over the bolts and seal the outlet. The wax will squeeze down and seal.

Step 10: Put the new bolts, washers and bolt caps on. You may have to trim the bolt with a hacksaw.

Step 11: Once the bolts are secure, mount the tank.

Step 12: Make sure the gasket between the tank and toilet is in place. Then position the tank on the bowl. Run bolts through the tank and secure. Don't over tighten (the tank can crack).

Step 13: Hook up the water supply line.

Step 14: Connect the supply to the line on the bottom of the tank.

Step 15: Turn on the water.

Step 16: Let the tank fill.

Step 17: Flush once or twice to make sure the water control is properly adjusted.

Step 18: Put the tank lid on and install the toilet seat.

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